Quinn Genealogy DNA and Linguistic Anthropological Project
Hello and welcome to The Quinn Genealogy DNA and Linguistic Anthropological Project. Our research is an amalgamation of similar and dissimilar information with data compared from the historic account of families and the ever expanding definitions defined through the employ of human genetics.
For the purposes of this project, we are interested in the evolution of the Quinn surname from the 1st century AD. We base a portion of our examination on ancient and more recent historic texts. We take these only into account when preparing to research the genetic relevance and link the information to genetic profiles of individuals that bear the Quinn surname presently and what can be reliably extracted from the texts themselves.
Case in point. Library Ireland (www.libraryireland.com) article at (http://www.libraryireland.com/names/oc/o-cuinn.php) states that the name Quinn is a very common surname in all parts of Ireland where there are several distinct families so called Quinn. The paper articulates only the best known families. This means there are more definitions of families that are not illuminated for whatever reason.
The Rev. Patrick Woulfe in 1923 wrote extensively about what he was able to isolate in the historic record. Unfortunately, if the information was not held in the "Church" then the information was typically omitted.
From Rev. Woulfe's document we learn that the Irish surname Quinn derives from Ó CUINN. Specifically through the sons of the High King of Ireland, Conn Cétchathach.
SURNAMES: O Quyn, O Quine, O Coyne, O'Quin, Quin, Quinn, Queen, Coyne
(1) Ó Cuinn of Thomond, a branch of the Dal gCais, descended from Conn, lord of Muinntear Ifearnain, who flourished in the latter part of the 10th century. They were originally seated at Inchiquin, and their territory which, from their clan-name, was designated Muinntear Ifearnain, comprised the country around Corofin, in Co. Clare. The Earl of Dunraven is a member of this family.
(2) Ó Cuinn of Annaly, a branch of the Conmaicne and of the same stock as the O'Farrells, who were chiefs of Muinntear Giollagain, an extensive district in Co. Longford, until towards the end of the 14th century when they were supplanted by the O'Farrells. Quin is now a very common surname in Co. Longford.
(3) Ó Cuinn of Antrim who were chiefs of Magh Lughadh and Siol Cathasaigh. Conghalach Ó Cuinn of this family, 'a tower of valour, hospitality, and renown of the North of Ireland,' was slain by the English in the year 1218.
(4) Ó Cuinn of Magh Itha, in the barony of Raphoe, now numerous in West Ulster.
(5) Ó Cuinn of Clann Cuain, a branch of the Ui Fiachrach, who were chiefs of Clann Chuain, in the neighbourhood of Castlebar, Co. Mayo. About the middle of the 12th century they transferred their allegiance from the Ui Fiachrach to the Siol Muireadhaigh and became tributary to MacDermott of Moylurg. Ó Cuinn is pronounced O'Coyne in the south of Ireland; hence the anglicised form Coyne which is sometimes used.
Of course it becomes thusly possible for other spelling variations that are based on specific geographies. Components such as dialect, transcription, or interpretation errors confound the data and known understanding of how names are spelled.
There are many examples of why names are recorded by a particular spelling. However, two related families could spell their surname in the age of surnames vastly different than their cousin residing in a different geography would have their own surname recorded.